The Bottom Line May Backfire on Bosses

Supervisors who are only driven by profits could actually be hurting their bottom lines by losing the respect of their employees, who counter by withholding performance, according to a new study.
“Supervisors who focus only on profits to the exclusion of caring about other important outcomes, such as employee well-being or environmental or ethical concerns, turn out to be detrimental to employees,” said lead researcher Matthew Quade, Ph.D., assistant professor of management in Baylor University’s Hankamer School of Business in Waco, Texas.

Mouse Study Shows Brain Science Behind Giving Up

A new study shows what happens in the brain when we give up.
The findings, published in Cell, offer new insight into the complex world of motivation and reward.
According to researchers, their findings could help people find motivation when they are depressed, as well as decrease motivation for drugs and other addictive substances.

How Cell Phone Movements Can Assess Your Personality

New research reveals that patterns of mobile phone movement say a lot about your personality.
For the study, researchers at RMIT University in Australia used data from mobile phone accelerometers, the tiny sensors tracking phone movement for step-counting and other apps.
According to RMIT University computer scientist Associate Professor Flora Salim, previous studies predicted personality types using phone call and messaging activity logs, but the new study showed adding accelerometer data improved accuracy.

How Regret Can Help You Find Your Ideal Self

How often have you wished you could give your younger self some advice?
According to a researcher at Clemson University, many people have this desire several times a week.
For many, this is anything but futile. In fact, it can help people become their “ideal self,” according to Dr. Robin Kowalski, a professor in Clemson University’s psychology department.
Kowalski’s paper in the Journal of Social Psychology, “If I knew then what I know now: Advice to my younger self,” analyzes the results of two studies of more than 400 people over the age of 30.

Study: Too Many Kids With ADHD Given Antipsychotic Drugs

A new study finds that many antipsychotic drug prescriptions given to children and teens with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) do not appear to be clinically warranted.
The findings, published in the journal JAMA Network Open, show that fewer than half of the youth in the study who were prescribed antipsychotic drugs had first been treated with stimulants such as Adderall and Ritalin, the recommended medication treatments for ADHD.

High Dopamine Levels in Women May Be Tied to Procrastination

A new German study finds that women with a genetic predisposition for higher dopamine levels in the brain may be more likely to engage in procrastinating behaviors. No such link was found in men.
“The neurotransmitter dopamine has repeatedly been associated with increased cognitive flexibility in the past,” says Dr. Erhan Genç from the Ruhr-University Bochum Department of Biopsychology. “This is not fundamentally bad but is often accompanied by increased distractibility.”
The findings are published in the journal Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.

Learning Several New Things Simultaneously Boosts Older Adults’ Cognitive Abilities

A new study finds that learning multiple things at the same time increases cognitive abilities in older adults.
One important way to avoid cognitive decline as we age is to learn new skills as a child would, according to University of California Riverside psychologist Rachel Wu.
“The natural learning experience from infancy to emerging adulthood mandates learning many real-world skills simultaneously,” Wu’s research team writes in a study published in The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences.