How Cell Phone Movements Can Assess Your Personality

New research reveals that patterns of mobile phone movement say a lot about your personality.
For the study, researchers at RMIT University in Australia used data from mobile phone accelerometers, the tiny sensors tracking phone movement for step-counting and other apps.
According to RMIT University computer scientist Associate Professor Flora Salim, previous studies predicted personality types using phone call and messaging activity logs, but the new study showed adding accelerometer data improved accuracy.

How Regret Can Help You Find Your Ideal Self

How often have you wished you could give your younger self some advice?
According to a researcher at Clemson University, many people have this desire several times a week.
For many, this is anything but futile. In fact, it can help people become their “ideal self,” according to Dr. Robin Kowalski, a professor in Clemson University’s psychology department.
Kowalski’s paper in the Journal of Social Psychology, “If I knew then what I know now: Advice to my younger self,” analyzes the results of two studies of more than 400 people over the age of 30.

Study: Too Many Kids With ADHD Given Antipsychotic Drugs

A new study finds that many antipsychotic drug prescriptions given to children and teens with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) do not appear to be clinically warranted.
The findings, published in the journal JAMA Network Open, show that fewer than half of the youth in the study who were prescribed antipsychotic drugs had first been treated with stimulants such as Adderall and Ritalin, the recommended medication treatments for ADHD.

High Dopamine Levels in Women May Be Tied to Procrastination

A new German study finds that women with a genetic predisposition for higher dopamine levels in the brain may be more likely to engage in procrastinating behaviors. No such link was found in men.
“The neurotransmitter dopamine has repeatedly been associated with increased cognitive flexibility in the past,” says Dr. Erhan Genç from the Ruhr-University Bochum Department of Biopsychology. “This is not fundamentally bad but is often accompanied by increased distractibility.”
The findings are published in the journal Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.

Learning Several New Things Simultaneously Boosts Older Adults’ Cognitive Abilities

A new study finds that learning multiple things at the same time increases cognitive abilities in older adults.
One important way to avoid cognitive decline as we age is to learn new skills as a child would, according to University of California Riverside psychologist Rachel Wu.
“The natural learning experience from infancy to emerging adulthood mandates learning many real-world skills simultaneously,” Wu’s research team writes in a study published in The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences.

Study: Spread of Abnormal Proteins Explain Gender Difference in Alzheimer’s

New research suggests the way in which abnormal proteins spread throughout the brain may help explain why the prevalence of Alzheimer’s is higher in women than in men. If the results are confirmed, a need for sex-specific approaches for the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease may be indicated.

9/11 Near-Miss Experiences Often Tied to ‘Survivor Guilt’

In a new study of 9/11 survivors, researchers found that participants who had “near-miss” experiences — such as those who called in sick or who missed their flight — did not necessarily escape the tragedy unharmed. For many, their close-call with death and the realization that others were not as fortunate tends to weigh heavily on their mind.
“There is a misfortune to being fortunate,” says Michael Poulin, an associate professor of psychology at the University of Buffalo (UB) and lead author of the paper.

Adults With Family History of Alzheimer’s Show Reduced Scores in Memory Test

In a new study of more than 59,000 people who completed an online memory test, researchers found that adults with a first-degree relative with Alzheimer’s disease performed worse than participants without a family history of the disease.
The findings, published in the journal eLife, also show that this impairment appears to be worsened by having diabetes or a variation in the Alzheimer’s-linked gene called apolipoprotein E (APOE), while being female or having a higher education were seen as protective factors.

Problematic Smartphone Use Tied to Lower Grades, Mental Health Issues in College Students

In a new survey of 3,425 university students, one in five respondents said they engaged in problematic smartphone use which in turn was tied to lower grades, mental health problems and a higher number of sexual partners.
Previous research has linked excessive smartphone use to mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and problems with self-esteem.