fMRI Detects Brain Imbalance Linked to Future Teen Depression

A new study suggests an imbalance of functioning in attention-related brain systems may help forecast the course of teen depression.
Researchers discovered faulty connections between frontal and insular brain networks were associated with development of severe depression among teens. Moreover, researchers discovered the abnormal connection patterns predicted increased depressive symptoms two weeks later.
Proper coordination of frontoinsular brain networks help us regulate our attention between external goals and self-focused or emotional thinking.

Study: Antisocial Teens May Have Brain Connection Issue

A new international study discovered reduced brain activity and a weaker connection between brain regions among teenage girls with problematic social behavior. Investigators believe faulty neural wiring is a possible explanation for social deficits, including problems with emotion regulation.
The study, led by University of Zurich researchers, provides an explanation for why some girls have trouble controlling their emotions. Moreover, the neurobiological explanation is encouraging as it suggests indications for possible therapy approaches.

Early Life Exposure to Air Pollution May Be Linked to Cognitive Problems

A new Spanish study adds to the growing body of evidence suggesting that air pollution exposure in early childhood may be linked to cognitive dysfunction.
Researchers from Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) discovered that children who were exposed to small particulate matter in the womb and during the first years of life were at greater risk of poorer working memory (link appeared in boys only) and reduced executive attention (in both boys and girls).

Doubts About What We Know Motivate Us to Learn More

A new study shows that our doubts about what we know pique our curiosity and can motivate us to learn more.
Researchers from the University of California, Berkeley say the findings challenge a popular belief that curiosity in general is the prime driver of learning. They also give new meaning to the Montessori approach to learning readiness, which encourages children to follow their own natural inquisitiveness.

CBT Shown to Ease Menopausal Symptoms

New research finds a nonpharmacological solution to relief of menopausal symptoms may be cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Although a small study, investigators discovered CBT can help to manage many physical and emotional symptoms associated with menopause.
Currently, use of hormone therapy (HT) is the typical treatment for menopause symptoms although research is ongoing for alternatives, especially nonpharmacologic options.

Extroverts May Enjoy Workplace Advantages

New research suggests extroverts enjoy four distinct advantages in achieving workplace success. For the study, University of Toronto investigators performed a comprehensive review of published literature on extraversion and introversion and were able to extract the specific benefits gained from extroversion.
Scientists also explain that introverts should not interpret these findings to suggest they will be at an inevitable disadvantage, as few people can be defined purely as an introvert or extrovert. Indeed, everyone displays a range of extroverted and introverted behaviors.

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